This dataset contains the Global Mean Sea Level (GMSL) trend generated from the Integrated Multi-Mission Ocean Altimeter Data for Climate Research (GMSL dataset). The GMSL is a 1-dimensional time series of globally averaged Sea Surface Height Anomalies (SSHA) from TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1 and OSTM/Jason-2. It starts in September 1992 to present, with a lag of up to 4 months. All biases and cross-calibrations have been applied to the data so SSHA are consistent between satellites. Glacial Isostatic Adjustment (GIA) has been applied. These data are available in ASCII format. Reference: Beckley et al., 2010, DOI: 10.1080/01490419.2010.491029.
Shifting masses of ocean water leave their "fingerprints" on Earth's gravitational field, affecting sea level.