The warming of Earth is primarily due to accumulation of heat-trapping greenhouse gases, and more than 90 percent of this trapped heat is absorbed by the oceans. As this heat is absorbed, ocean temperatures rise and water expands. This thermal expansion contributes to an increase in global sea level. Temperature measurements of the sea surface, taken by ships, satellites and drifting sensors, along with subsurface measurements and observations of global sea-level rise, have shown that the warming of the upper ocean caused sea level to rise due to thermal expansion in the 20th century. Using measurements from Argo profiling floats, we know this warming has continued, causing roughly one-third of the global sea-level rise observed by satellite altimeters since 2004.
As satellites collect larger and larger amounts of data, engineers and researchers are implementing solutions to manage these huge increases.
As the ice-and-snow rubble known as mélange melts in Antarctica’s ice shelves, rifts can grow and icebergs break off even in the brutal cold of winter.
Are you a coastal planner, a policymaker, or concerned about the future of sea level rise? A new tool allows you to visualize and download the projection data from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's 6th Assessment Report (AR6).
A new online visualization tool will enable anyone to see what sea levels will look like anywhere in the world in the decades to come.
The pioneering campaign drops probes from a plane into the sea to track how seawater is melting glaciers and lend insight into the future of sea level rise.