Estimates for sea level rates for different time periods. Find numbers and respective references for citation.


Total Sea Level

PERIOD ESTIMATE (mm/yr) UNCERTAINTY (+- mm/yr) REFERENCE MEASUREMENT / FORECAST MODEL
1993 - 2017 3.1 0.4 Cazenave et al., 2018 Satellite altimetry
1901 - 1990 1.1 to 1.9 0.3 Dangendorf et al., 2017 Tide gauge reconstruction
1993 - 2010 2.8 to 3.1 0.7 to 1.4 Cazenave et al., 2018 Tide gauge reconstruction

Steric Sea Level

PERIOD ESTIMATE (mm/yr) UNCERTAINTY (+- mm/yr) REFERENCE MEASUREMENT / FORECAST MODEL
1955 - 2010 0.5 0.1 Levitus et al., 2008 XBT/CTD (upper 2000 m)
1950 - 2003 0.5 0.1 Domingues et al., 2008 XBT/CTD (upper 700 m)
1993 - 2016 1.3 0.4 Cazenave et al., 2018 XBT/CTD/Argo Floats (Full Depth)
2005 - 2016 1.3 0.4 Cazenave et al., 2018 XBT/CTD/Argo Floats (Full Depth)
1992 - 2005 0.11 0.1 Purkey and Johnson, 2010 Deep hydrographic sections (below 2000 m)

Greenland Mass Loss

PERIOD ESTIMATE (mm/yr) UNCERTAINTY (+- mm/yr) REFERENCE MEASUREMENT / FORECAST MODEL
2005 - 2015 0.76 0.1 Cazenave et al., 2018 GRACE/ICESat averages
1991 - 2015 0.47 0.1 Van Den Broeke et al., 2016 Mass Budget Method
1992 - 2011 0.39 0.1 Shepherd and Ivins et al., 2012 Data synthesis (IMBIE)

Antarctic Mass Loss

PERIOD ESTIMATE (mm/yr) UNCERTAINTY (+- mm/yr) REFERENCE MEASUREMENT / FORECAST MODEL
2005 - 2015 0.38 0.06 Cazenave et al., 2018 GRACE Averages
1993 - 2015 0.25 0.1 Update of Rignot et al., 2011 Input-Output Method
1992 - 2011 0.22 0.1 Shepherd and Ivins et al., 2012 Data synthesis (IMBIE)

Glacier Mass Loss

PERIOD ESTIMATE (mm/yr) UNCERTAINTY (+- mm/yr) REFERENCE MEASUREMENT / FORECAST MODEL
2002 - 2014 0.70 0.07 Update of Gardner et al., 2013 GRACE/ICESat synthesis
1993 - 2016 0.68 0.03 Update of Marzeion et al., 2012 Data Synthesis

Land Water Storage

PERIOD ESTIMATE (mm/yr) UNCERTAINTY (+- mm/yr) REFERENCE MEASUREMENT / FORECAST MODEL
1901 - 1990 -0.11 0.05 IPCC AR5 Anthropogenic Intervention Only
1971 - 2010 0.12 0.09 IPCC AR5 Anthropogenic Intervention Only
1993 - 2010 0.38 0.11 IPCC AR5 Anthropogenic Intervention Only
2002 - 2014 -0.33 0.16 Reager et al., 2016 GRACE

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